Does Medicare Cover Cancer Treatment? Exploring Coverage and Benefits

Cancer is a life-altering diagnosis that requires comprehensive treatment, often leading to significant financial burdens. For those enrolled in Medicare, understanding the coverage and benefits related to cancer treatment is crucial.

We will explore the different aspects of coverage, including screenings, treatment options, providing insights into the benefits and out-of-pocket costs involved.

By gaining a clear understanding of how Medicare will cover cancer treatment, individuals can make informed decisions about their healthcare options and financial well-being.

Coverage for Cancer Screenings

Prevention and early detection play a vital role in effectively managing cancer. Medicare recognizes the importance of cancer screenings and offers coverage for various preventive screenings. These screenings include breast cancer, cervical cancer, prostate cancer, lung cancer, and colorectal cancer.

Medicare covers mammograms, Pap smears, pelvic exams, PSA blood tests, and low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) for lung cancer. The frequency and coverage may vary depending on specific conditions and risk factors. Understanding these screenings and their coverage can help you to prioritize your health and take advantage of preventive measures.

What are the Types of Cancer Treatment Services?

What are the Types of Cancer Treatment Services?


Surgery involves the removal of cancerous tumors or masses from the body. It is often used for solid tumors that are localized and haven't spread to other parts of the body. Surgery aims to remove the cancerous cells completely.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. It can be administered externally (external beam radiation) or internally (brachytherapy) depending on the type and location of the cancer. The radiation damages the DNA of these cells, preventing them from multiplying and causing further harm.


Chemotherapy involves the use of powerful medications (chemo drugs) to kill cancer cells. These drugs can be given intravenously or orally, and they work by targeting rapidly dividing cells, including cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be used to treat cancer that has spread throughout the body.


Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that boosts the body's immune system to fight against cancer cells. It uses substances, such as immune checkpoint inhibitors and monoclonal antibodies, to stimulate the immune response and help the body recognize and attack cancer cells.

Targeted Therapy

Targeted therapy uses drugs that specifically target certain molecules or genes in cancer cells that are involved in their growth and survival. By blocking or inhibiting these specific targets, targeted therapy aims to disrupt the growth and spread of cancer cells while minimizing damage to healthy cells.

Hormone Therapy

Hormone therapy is used to treat cancers that are hormone-sensitive, such as breast and prostate cancers. It involves the use of medications that either block the production of hormones or interfere with their action, thereby slowing down or inhibiting the growth of hormone-dependent cancer cells.

Does Medicare Cover Surgery Treatments for Cancer?

Does Medicare Cover Surgery Treatments for Cancer?

Yes, Medicare does cover surgery treatments for cancer. The coverage for surgery and most cancer treatments is provided through both Medicare Part A (hospital insurance) and Medicare Part B (outpatient medical care).

Medicare Part A covers hospital care, including inpatient surgery for cancer treatment. If you require surgery to remove a tumor or treat cancer and are admitted as an inpatient hospital stay, Medicare Part A will generally cover the costs associated with the surgery. This includes the fees for the surgeon, anesthesiologist, operating room, prescription medications administered during your stay, and any necessary hospital stays.

Medicare Part B covers medically necessary outpatient care, and outpatient cancer services which include various cancer treatment options. Under Part B, coverage for surgery treatments may include consultations with surgeons, second opinions, and outpatient surgical procedures.

If you need surgery as an outpatient for cancer treatment, Medicare Part B will typically cover the costs of the procedure. This can involve surgeries performed in an outpatient clinic or a doctor's office, such as oral chemotherapy outpatient surgery.

It is important to note that Medicare Part A and Part B have different coverage rules and cost-sharing requirements. For Part A, there is a deductible for each benefit period, and additional costs may apply based on the length of the hospital stay. Under Part B, there is an annual deductible, and you are responsible for paying 20% of the Medicare-approved amount for outpatient surgeries and related services.

Get a personalized Health Insurance quote now.

Or dial toll free


Is There Medicare Coverage for Radiation Therapy?

Radiation therapy is another commonly used treatment for cancer for which Medicare provides coverage, ensuring that beneficiaries have access to this crucial treatment option.

Medicare Part A or Part B may cover radiation therapy, depending on whether the treatment is received as an inpatient or outpatient.

Part A covers therapy for a hospital inpatient or at a skilled nursing facility, with the individual responsible for the Part A deductible and coinsurance. Part B covers radiation therapy for outpatients or patients of freestanding clinics, with beneficiaries responsible for 20% cost sharing and the Part B deductible.

Does Medicare Cover Chemotherapy for Cancer Treatment?

Chemotherapy is a common treatment modality for cancer patients. Medicare provides coverage for chemotherapy, ensuring access to this critical treatment option. The coverage for chemotherapy under Medicare depends on the specific circumstances and treatment settings of cancer patients.

Medicare Part A Covers In-Patient Chemotherapy

For hospital inpatients, Medicare Part A covers chemotherapy.

If you receive chemotherapy in a hospital outpatient setting, doctor's office, or freestanding clinic, Medicare Part B will provide coverage. It's important to note that the location where chemotherapy is administered can impact the costs. In a hospital outpatient setting, copayments may apply, while in other settings, you will be responsible for 20% cost sharing along with the Part B deductible.

Medicare Part B for Out-Patient Chemotherapy

Additionally, Medicare Part D plans may cover certain chemotherapy treatments and related prescription drugs, including anti-nausea medications, oral chemotherapy drugs, pain medications, and other drugs necessary for cancer treatment.

Additionally, Medicare Part D options can help individuals manage the costs associated with oral prescription drugs used with chemotherapy.

Will Medicare Cover Immunotherapy?

Will Medicare Cover Immunotherapy?

Yes, Medicare can cover immunotherapy for eligible individuals. Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to boost the body's immune system and help it recognize and destroy cancer cells. Medicare Part B, which covers medically necessary outpatient services, typically provides coverage for immunotherapy when it is deemed medically necessary for the treatment of cancer.

It's important to note that coverage for immunotherapy may depend on factors such as the specific type of cancer being treated, the stage of cancer, and the specific immunotherapy drug being used. Medicare will generally cover immunotherapy drugs that are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and considered medically necessary for the treatment of cancer.

Can Medicare Cover Targeted Therapy for Cancer?

Medicare can cover targeted therapy for cancer in certain situations. Medicare Part B, which covers medically necessary outpatient services, typically provides coverage for targeted therapy drugs when they are deemed medically necessary for the treatment of cancer. Medicare will generally cover targeted therapy cancer drugs only that are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and considered appropriate for the individual's specific type of cancer.

Coverage determinations are made on a case-by-case basis, taking into account medical necessity and evidence-based guidelines.

Does Medicare Cover Hormone Cancer Treatment?

Medicare can cover hormone cancer treatment in certain cases. Hormone therapy is a type of cancer treatment that involves the use of medications or procedures to block or interfere with the hormones that fuel the growth of certain cancers, such as breast or prostate cancer.

Medicare Part B, which covers medically necessary outpatient services, generally provides coverage for hormone therapy drugs and procedures that are considered medically necessary and prescribed by a healthcare provider.

Know Your Financial Responsibilities

Know Your Financial Responsibilities

Each of these cancer treatments has its own specific purpose and can be used alone or in combination with other treatments depending on the type and stage of cancer.

Medicare provides coverage for these treatments based on the specific guidelines and eligibility criteria associated with each part of Medicare (A, B, and D).

Remember traditional Medicare has a 20% co-insurance and no limit on Max Out of Pocket. With some cancer treatments costing between $10,000 to $200,000, you could be liable for a huge financial burden.

It's important for individuals to consult with their healthcare providers and understand their Medicare coverage to make informed decisions about their cancer treatment options.

Can I get Health Insurance Coverage for Cancer with a Medicare Advantage Plan?

Medicare Advantage plans, also known as Medicare Part C, offer an alternative way to receive Medicare benefits. These plans must provide at least the same coverage as Original Medicare (Parts A and B).

Different plan options offer different premiums and yearly maximum out-of-pocket amounts (MOOP). Once MOOP is reached, the plan pays 100%.

Certain plans may offer additional benefits not available to traditional Medicare Part A and B coverage.

There are also special Medicare Plans (DSNPs for those on Medicaid) or CSNPs (for individuals suffering from chronic conditions).

It is essential for individuals with cancer who have enrolled in a Medicare Advantage plan to understand the coverage, rules, and costs associated with prescription drug plans along with cancer screenings, chemotherapy, surgery, and other related services.

Get a personalized Health Insurance quote now.

Or dial toll free


Research Your Options and the Financial Requirements of Each Plan Option

Receiving a cancer diagnosis is challenging both emotionally and financially. Medicare plays a critical role in ensuring that individuals have access to cancer treatment options. From preventative screenings to various treatment options, Medicare Plans offers coverage choices to suit your financial situation.

However, it is essential to understand coverage specifics, including out-of-pocket costs and potential limitations, to make informed decisions about healthcare and financial well-being. By having a clear understanding of your plan's coverage for cancer treatment, Medicare beneficiaries can navigate the complex landscape of cancer care with confidence and peace of mind.

Get a personalized Health Insurance quote now.

Or dial toll free